It is a specialty of dentistry responsible for the prevention and treatment of diseases affecting the supporting tissues and teeth protection (treatment of gum and bone).
What is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is an infection caused by bacteria affecting the tissues surrounding the teeth; characterized by the formation of an undesirable space between the gingiva and the tooth, called the periodontal pocket, which favors the accumulation of food particles and bacteria.
Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults. The prevention can be done only by removing plaque through domestic oral cleaning with dental floss and brush, more regular cleanings by the dentist.
The most characteristic sign of periodontal disease is bleeding, but we must also be alert to: changes in the position of the teeth, mobility, gingival recessions, food retention, swelling and others.
The treatment is done with the removal of plaque adhered by scraping and smoothing the roots of the teeth. When scraping instruments do not reach every area of compromised root, surgery is indicated; to facilitate access.
Periodontal disease can leave as sequelae cosmetic changes such as shift in tooth position, gingival recession with consequent increase in tooth length, which through surgical and prosthetic procedures can minimize these defects.