What is endodontics / root canal treatment?
Endodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with injuries and diseases of the pulp (nerve) and the tooth root. Popularly, endodontics is also called root canal treatment. Treatment consists of removal of the soft tissue (pulp) that is inside (channel) of the tooth and can be alive, healthy, inflamed, infected or necrotic (dead).
After removing this tissue, the dentist sterilizes the canal filling it with filling in specific material.
Why is it important to perform endodontics, and treatment channel?
Treating the injured tooth channel is important to:
• Avoid the need for tooth extraction.
• Preventing infections which can be very dangerous
What are the procedures to treat a dental canal?
Root canal treatment is done in several stages, carried out several visits to the dentist, depending on the case.
First, an opening is made in the back of a front tooth or the crown of a posterior tooth, molar or premolar.
Then the infected pulp is removed (pulpectomy). The pulp chamber and root canals are cleaned, enlarged and shaped in preparation for its completion. A temporary filling is placed in the crown opening to protect the tooth in the interval between visits.
To finish the treatment, the temporary filling is removed and the pulp chamber and canals are filled permanently. A cone shaped material (flexible) is inserted into each of the channels and generally sealed into place with a suitable cement. A crown is usually placed over the tooth to restore its shape and give it a natural look. If the tooth is very broken down, you may need to put a pin cemented the channel before making the crown.